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Extremely Poor Children

Based on data from 89 countries, representing 84% of the population of developing countries, UNICEF and the World Bank Group estimated that 385 million children lived in extremely poor households in 2013.
R, an estimated 19 percent of children live in extreme poverty in households of less than $1.90 a day, compared with an estimated 9 percent of adults. Children are more likely than adults to live in extreme poverty in a household, and about 20% more children are at risk of living on less. According to the World Bank Group’s 2013 World Poverty Report, less than 10% of the world’s population lives in an extremely poor household, surviving from 1 to 90 days or less.
In 1990, the number of children dying in extreme poverty in the US and other parts of the world exceeded 35,000 a day, and has since fallen to about 15,000. In 1990, it was almost twice as many as today, falling from around 35,000 a day to around 15,000, according to the World Bank Group.
Although the rate of extreme poverty is declining worldwide, children are still affected in many parts of the world. As progress continues, people living in poverty increase in countries affected by conflict, poor governance and natural disasters.
According to a report released Sunday by the World Bank, the number of people living in extreme poverty – those living below the poverty line of $1,000 a year or less – has fallen for the first time in more than a decade. According to the report, there are 767 million people living in poverty worldwide, down from 1.2 billion in 2010, a decrease of 2.5 million from 2010.
But among the world’s poor, children are by far the worst affected, according to a UNICEF report released Tuesday. The snapshot showed that children were more than twice as likely as adults to live in extreme poverty, and children were more likely than adults to live in poverty. African-Americans and Latino children live in extreme poverty: one in three non-Hispanic whites is poor.
According to UNICEF, more than half of the children who participated in HCV programs in 2017 lived with their vouchers in countries where less than 10% of the population was poor. More than two-thirds of these poor were disabled people and more than three-quarters of children in the poorest countries were children.
A housing voucher can also reduce the likelihood that poor children of color live in extreme poverty neighborhoods where 40% or more of the residents are poor. Among families using vouchers, poor black children were twice as likely to live in poor neighborhoods as poor white children. Poor Hispanic children lived in poor neighborhoods in 2017 and were more likely than their white counterparts to live in families with housing vouchers and less than half the chance of living with them.
Neighborhoods are considered low-poverty neighborhoods if at least 40% of the people in the census tract have incomes below the poverty line. Extreme poverty neighbourhoods are neighbourhoods where more than 50% or more of their inhabitants have incomes above the poverty line. The neighborhood is considered “poor” when all people have incomes above or below the poverty line.
To calculate the poverty rate for each household in each Census tract in the most extreme poverty districts, we compared the household tract figures with the household poverty rates shown in ACS data. This analysis excludes households supported by Medicaid, low-income households, and households with no neighborhood data.
In the United States, more than 40 million Americans, including 12 million children, live in households struggling to put food on the table, according to the US Census Bureau. Despite living in the world’s richest nation, nearly one-third of children under 18 live below the federal poverty line, or about $16,000 a year.
The vast majority of the world’s hungry live in developing countries, where, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 13.5 percent of the population is malnourished. More than one-third of children under 18 in advanced countries live on less than $1.25 a day, and more than two-thirds of them live below the poverty line, about $8,000 a year.
The global estimate of extreme child poverty is based on data from 89 countries, representing 83% of the population of developing countries.
South Asia has the highest number of extremely poor children living in India alone, with more than 1.5 million children living in extreme poverty. Sub-Saharan Africa has one third of the world’s population of children living in extreme poverty, and South Africa has the second highest.
According to the latest World Bank World Poverty Report, the number of people living in extreme poverty has more than doubled since 2000, from 9.5 million to 18.6 million. More than two-thirds of children under the age of 18 living in extreme poverty worldwide have a family income of less than $1,000 per year, enough to meet the goal of eradicating global poverty by 2030.